History of World Telecommunication Day
World Telecommunication Day commemorates the founding of the International Telecommunication Union in 1865. The first World Telecommunication Day was celebrated in 1969. Since then the 17th of May has been observed as World Telecommunication Day every year. The World Telecommunication Day has been identified by the Tunis phase of the World Summit on the Information Society as "World Information Society Day", since 2006.
Functions and Role of the International Telecommunication Union:
Union was formed following the increasing demand for domain names
among internet users all over the world. The function of the
International Telecommunication Union is to co-ordinate global
telecom networks and services with governments and the private
sector. The International Telecommunication Union also sets
international regulations and treaties to facilitate international
communication. It works towards development of telecommunication
systems in developing nations. Though it ITU was founded in Paris,
its present head-quarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland.
Important landmarks in the history of World Telecommunication Day
The World Telecommunication Day celebrates and acknowledges the following developments that have taken place over the years:
- Invention of the first electric telegraph in 1837.
- International Telegraph Union Found by twenty States with the adoption of the first Convention and in 1865, the introduction of first Telegraph Regulations
- Invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.
- First provisions for international telephone service took place in 1885.
- First signals transmitted by radio-relay system in 1895.
- First radio transmission of human voice in 1902.
- Broadcasting of voice and music through radiotelephony in 1906.
- Sound broadcasting pioneered in 1920.
- Invention of telegraph in 1932.
- International Telecommunication Union becomes a special agency of United Nations in 1947.
- World’s first artificial satellite Sputnik-I launched in 1957
- 1983 was celebrated as the “World Communications Year”.
Focus areas of telecommunication:
- Harmonize national policies.
- Bridge technological differences.
- Promote connectivity.
- Foster interoperability of systems on a global scale.
- Overcome physical distances globally through internet, television, phone etc.
Why World Telecommunication Day is celebrated?
World Telecommunications Day is
celebrated with the following objectives:
Enhance public awareness about the benefits of communication technology. Make information and communication more accessible to people residing in under-developed regions. Increase the global reach of technology across all nations and socio-economic strata. Let us now study the themes and examples of World Telecommunication Day celebrations in the past three years:
(Reference: Altius Directory)